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08-26-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Paul S
San Diego, California, USA
Posts 2,147
Joined on 10-12-2006

Post #: 76
Post ID: 11558
Reply to: 11552
Framed, Raised Floors
fiogf49gjkf0d
Of course the issue here is not so much time alignment as it is whether the physical structure will allow/facilitate decent LF.  And of course "framed" structures eat some LF and create a +/- unpredictable LF environment.

Two of many questions are, whether and how to "reinforce" a wood-framed, raised floor and whether to try "shaping" the LF in some way.  FWIW, most raised wooden house floors can be reinforced considerably, if there is access under the floor, and some floors can be reinforced from above-the-floor access.

The best large room bass I have heard did use "shaping'; but so did some of the worst LF I have heard.

Moving around in a room stomping, jumping up and down, yelling and clapping hands loudly can tell a lot about that room.  But finally injecting real LF always tells far more.

My present listening room is on a raised floor, and it absolutely eats LF, no question about it.  I have been here two years now, and I have simply been too cheap and too lazy to deal with it, so far

OTOH, it somehow works out that all masonary/concrete is also a royal PITA for hi-fi, so I suppose it is nice to have some give in the surroundings.

Best regards,
Paul S
08-27-2009 Post mapped to one branch of Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 77
Post ID: 11560
Reply to: 11558
Can a bad floor be cured by gain/power?
fiogf49gjkf0d

Well, in context of a full-range speaker, like largest Wilsons or the similar, the answer would be unquestionably no.  Even if we biamp those speakers then the LF still is too wide bandwidth and too geographically bind to the MF section.  The worst case in this example is the people who use closed-bottom LF sections, all those “bass horns”. 

The room dissipates LF, the lower the more dissipation and they try to pump more power LF into the room. However, the closed-bottom LF topology by nature can’t handle more LF gain then it can. So, the people pump unto LF driver more and more excursion but it does not produce more effective LF but only it magnify the amplitude of horn-chocking  and creating the mid-bass boom. Pros deal with is by multiplying the amount of LF sections and it works to a degree but the hi-fi Morons do not get. The worst illustration of the said I saw at the Oswald Mills playback. The guy use old-style stupid RCA very shallow horn with very large throat and twin 515G drivers. Those type of horns with proper drivers as more or less acceptable as upperbass horns, or midbass horns in a VERY small room. The Oswald Mill try to get from them the full lower bass (as it is an open-bottom topology!)  and the room in there is not just huge but beyond huge. The Mill is old 3-floor building with large holes in the floor between the floor sections. So, a combined room at sub 50Hz I would estimate is over 7.000 sq feet and to handle this space with closed-bottom LF topology is beyond laughable.  The actually of sound in there is exactly as it predicted. I think he used twin 845 in PP and they flood the sound with horrible gray gag of the overloaded closed-bottom horn. Thankfully the guy in there is so fucking stupid and so senseless that he does not able to understand or able to acknowledge it, good for him. I have seen a few other attempts of to do the same with absolutely identical results…

However, I presume that if to find out what lower frequency a room still can handle – let say 50Hz. Then to beef up a bit the suspended floor with sand to have let say “6dB suck out reserve” over the 50Hz. Then introduce the proper 50Hz horns, I mean the proper hors with no cheating. Then introduce an open-bottom LF section with 40Hz low-pass, the section that would topologically would able to care high gain and high power… I think in this case it would be possible to offset the suspended floor problems.  BTW, what do you think I decided to keen the direct-coupled B2 amp?

Sure, the open-bottom LF section with powerful amp (how about 300W SET) doe open a possibly but the biggest question is if the benefit of longer reverberation time at LF might be used in this configuration. I do not have an answer. I never people talk about the subject sensibly as well. So, it is more blind shooting with suspended floors.  I guess a right solution need to be found with respect to a given space and a given floor. I am sure it would be fun to have a room sitting right atop of concrete slob but it is hard to find and am not willing to build a room in basement but I want it to be in living space. This week I saw one ranch that had no basement and the description said that it was sitting on solid slob.  Upon visit the house I leas the it had a horribly -bouncing suspended floor raised a feet above ground. Sure, for the normal people it means: “sitting on solid slob with no basement”. For me it means:  ”a house with horrible suspended floor with stupid ultra-low height useless basement”. I guess it is not fan to be my real-estate broker…

Rgs, the Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
08-27-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Paul S
San Diego, California, USA
Posts 2,147
Joined on 10-12-2006

Post #: 78
Post ID: 11574
Reply to: 11560
It Is Do-able
fiogf49gjkf0d

The more-driver/more-power method has in fact been used to very good effect in rooms that +/- eat bass.  The set-up I remember had about 8 515s per side and LOTS of power that I suppose it did not actually use very often; but it did provide nice, fairly seamless LF.

And I might also say that IMO it is really no more difficult to create more LF with more drivers and more power than it is to deal with tons of LF in a super-solid room that "conserves" it.  When was the last time anyone heard good LF in a solid concrete room?  Some "give" might afford a chance to sort of sneak up on the LF, add it on as desired.

"Shores" would be a great way to tune a raised floor, as long as one had access to a slab or the ground under the floor in question.  In fact, it might be the best of all worlds if one were able to go back and forth between tuning the room and developing the LF speakers.  I am not at all sure I would try a LF horn, under any circumstances; too much risk.  But regardless of the topology one chose, the "tune-able" room would be a Godsend, IMO.

Best reagrds,
Paul S

08-28-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 79
Post ID: 11576
Reply to: 11190
The ALE Acoustic midbass solution vs. right 15-incher
fiogf49gjkf0d

Of cause it shall be mentioned in the context of thin there that there is always the ALE Acoustic solution. The Japanese ALE Acoustic make two midbass drivers: P1260 and P160.

http://ns.tachyon.co.jp/~sichoya2/ale/drivers.html

In US they are around $30K per solution:

http://www.aleacousticsusa.com/products.php?type=7

They do have own Aluminium casting horns that might go with them.

http://ns.tachyon.co.jp/~sichoya2/ale/horns.html

I personally do not have any curiosity in ALE horn but the drivers might be interesting. Like all of those “exotic Japanese” driver the midbass ALE drivers are with titanium cone, FRP suspension  and have a LOT magnetic flux in the gap – 2.3T.  The amount of flux for bass drivers I feel a bit alarming as in my experiments I never felt that higher flux was welcomed by bass. The P1260 driver has 3” and P160 has a 5” throat diameter, which is beyond perfect in my view. The 5” throat is what I would like to have for my 40Hz horn, but I do not think I will have balls for make a proper horn from such a small throat, but who knows. At this point my theoretical limit is 15” drivers that I plan to use not the length of the horn.

I never heard P1260 or P160 drivers, not to mention I never heard then in contest of proper installation. I know that Kevin Brooks from Utah uses ALE bass drivers and ALE bass horns

http://www.kbrooksaudio.net/photo.html

I never was in Utah. I heard a few people who visited Kevin reported very good bass. I invest absolutely no credibility to those feedbacks, partially because I heard absolutely the same positive feedback from the very same people about bass on other installation, the one that I heard, and that I consider was horrible. Well, when did you see me to invest any trustworthiness to what other audio-people say? There is an army of Morons out there who would swear that 5” Loather mounted into a typical toilet enclosure produce the best bass they ever possible, does it mean that I care what they think? I would not even mention that 99.5% of audio people have absolutely fucked up idea what proper midbass is  by audio means and not even familiar with the concept – where would they learn?

Anyhow, the ALE P1260 and P160 drivers with consequential horn to them might be an interesting alternative to my idea of use my Vitavox 15-inchers. They of course would be the horn of different topology: each of then would have own con and pros. What solution is able to produce the best theatrical results? Very hard to say.

From the perspective of pumping of atmospheric pressure the ALE bass drivers might be more capable transducers. It or might not be so as well. To get 40Hz at 110dB in 5” it would take some excursion.  I am sorry but you can’t bend the law of physics. Pressure is excursion by surface. In horn we as the horns EQ. Let presume that a horn would add even 10dB then we still have a lot of excursion necessary. The ALE drivers have titanium with plastic suspension diaphragms. The plastic suspension diaphragms are horrible for excursion, they good only for bending. So, I presume that ALE made a very large FRP skirt to let the metal cone to have lower own resonance and some freedom to move. To do it all within 2.3T guy I am sure was tricky. I would pay money to see HOW the P160 is made. What I know about the compression drivers idea I would guess that  a compression driver with too much flux and light soft cone would not make since as it would requires  very precise, almost surgical compensation of back chamber. Since ALE does not have the adjustable damping for the driver then the result is not optimum. Still, I might pres that ALE knows something that I do not know, so I will give to them a benefit of doubt.

From the perspective of pumping of tonal pressure I think that ALE bass drivers might be less capable transducers. They might be not and they might be able for great tone – who knows. No one talks or thinks about it and it looks like no one even knows what it is. People are accustomed that “tone” is a characteristic of a resistor or a tube, with compression driver is more complicated. With bass compression drivers that use metal diaphragms it is even MORE complicated. Who the hell knows where “tone” comes from in those drivers?

I think if I go for this project then it might make since to fry in Utah and learn what ALE bass drivers are able to do. I do have a point of reference of what my 15-incher is able off but it not necessary mean that if I render my project with 15-incher then I will hit the point of my reference. Still, the debate of to use 15-incher vs. the ALE-like solution is a legitimate debate. Unfortunately it is VERY difficult objectively and sensibly to reconcile positions in this topology comparing.

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
08-28-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
mjloudspeaker
Posts 40
Joined on 08-07-2009

Post #: 80
Post ID: 11577
Reply to: 11574
Concrete rooms of hellsound
fiogf49gjkf0d
 Paul S wrote:

The more-driver/more-power method has in fact been used to very good effect in rooms that +/- eat bass.  The set-up I remember had about 8 515s per side and LOTS of power that I suppose it did not actually use very often; but it did provide nice, fairly seamless LF.

And I might also say that IMO it is really no more difficult to create more LF with more drivers and more power than it is to deal with tons of LF in a super-solid room that "conserves" it.  When was the last time anyone heard good LF in a solid concrete room?  Some "give" might afford a chance to sort of sneak up on the LF, add it on as desired.

"Shores" would be a great way to tune a raised floor, as long as one had access to a slab or the ground under the floor in question.  In fact, it might be the best of all worlds if one were able to go back and forth between tuning the room and developing the LF speakers.  I am not at all sure I would try a LF horn, under any circumstances; too much risk.  But regardless of the topology one chose, the "tune-able" room would be a Godsend, IMO.

Best reagrds,
Paul S

The worst ever acoustical qualities ever encountered was in a unfinished cement basement and floor, and I am not exactly sure what the sound was doing in this room, but it was completely untameable in every way, for it to be a "sound of normal" and where a subfloor of 1 layer live Plywood covered by 1 layer heavier density waferboard, this 2 ply floor over 2x4 sleepers laid flat, and insulation/drywall, transformed this pityful cement soundhell into something completely different, my really excellent studio! A live floor is not a big deal, resonances are sometimes very "helpful", but "dead" thing are best left buried. This effect happens continuoiusly at the Community Arena here where concerts are held, reverbations create weird sonic behavior, and musicians and soundmen meet the "sound of doom and total wildness". So funny to hear the line arrays "hit the wall of reverb into their faces", and nobody knows who can win?  

As most things, too much of a good thing, is a problem. Opinion, not legally binding in any way.

j. 

08-29-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
skushino
Seattle, WA
Posts 93
Joined on 07-07-2004

Post #: 81
Post ID: 11580
Reply to: 11577
CH Audio Design
fiogf49gjkf0d
From a company called CH Audio Design in Florida:

http://chaudioroom.com/Sculpture.html

CH Audio Design Sculptures Loudspeakers, with Altec 288 high frequency and 515 low frequency drivers.
A fully horn loaded two way system.

 Using the ceiling and adjacent walls as extensions of the horn together with an anti-resonant all cork padded chamber,
 and special calculated shaped conical horn we achieved a very low frequency response in a relatively small enclosure,
 Same experience with the high frequency multicellulars " hear things that were not there before"! in the bass region !

Main body
 
  Astraight horn with compounded smooth curves and no bends,  parallel walls, or flat surfaces that causes reflexions and resonance.  Carefully handcrafted to the smallest detail,  cork covered  inside, suppressing resonance, clearly seen through the opening of the 515 driver. Also shown the mounting fixture for the 288 Driver / CH1505BW wood horns. .

Sculptures-14.jpg

Sculpture28.jpg

My comments:
Focus on the bass horn concept.  Ignore the multi-cell and the fact the bass horn is rear-loaded.  Ignore the company's claim of using the ceiling and adjacent walls as extensions of the horn flare. 

Considered as a solution for fitting a large bass horn in a normal-size living space, this approach has some benefits - extremely small footprint, adequate length to support true mid-bass, 'near' time-alignment if located directly behind the MF and HF horn.  The mouth exhausts near the ceiling resulting in good coupling if your ceilings are the appropriate height.  I would locate the driver inside the horn at the bottom pointing upwards, with a backchamber on the very bottom of the structure.  Something like this might be a solution for covering ~60 - 300 Hz. 

How would it sound?  I wonder if pointing straight up towards the ceiling would obfuscate spatial information if used up to 300 Hz, spreading the output all around the ceiling.  I wonder if listening to this would feel like you are seated in the basement, with the sound appearing to come from up above.  Maybe a 90 degree bend on top of the horn would compensate for this. 

But so far this is one of the most elgant and aesthetic solutions I have seen for a long bass horn in a home.
08-29-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 82
Post ID: 11582
Reply to: 11580
I do not understand what CH Audio does.
fiogf49gjkf0d
Skushino,

Thanks for pointing it out.

Unfortunately with all my desire to understand what CH Audio did turn to fiasco and I absolutely do not understand this LF section. Is it a duplex of 515 drivers with one loaded in this front shallow front horn and another is back-firing direct radiator in sealed/ported box? I do not know... Your idea of having “flower horn” I think is good, it was in play somewhere above. I still do not really get what is has to do with what CH Audio does.

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
08-30-2009 Post mapped to one branch of Knowledge Tree
eduardo
Posts 9
Joined on 04-17-2009

Post #: 83
Post ID: 11591
Reply to: 11576
Japanese Cone Suspensions.
fiogf49gjkf0d

From the perspective of pumping of atmospheric pressure the ALE bass drivers might be more capable transducers. It or might not be so as well. To get 40Hz at 110dB in 5” it would take some excursion.  I am sorry but you can’t bend the law of physics. Pressure is excursion by surface. In horn we as the horns EQ. Let presume that a horn would add even 10dB then we still have a lot of excursion necessary. The ALE drivers have titanium with plastic suspension diaphragms. The plastic suspension diaphragms are horrible for excursion, they good only for bending. So, I presume that ALE made a very large FRP skirt to let the metal cone to have lower own resonance and some freedom to move. To do it all within 2.3T guy I am sure was tricky. I would pay money to see HOW the P160 is made. What I know about the compression drivers idea I would guess that  a compression driver with too much flux and light soft cone would not make since as it would requires  very precise, almost surgical compensation of back chamber. Since ALE does not have the adjustable damping for the driver then the result is not optimum. Still, I might pres that ALE knows something that I do not know, so I will give to them a benefit of doubt.


Here you can see three examples of suspensions I believe could be similar to ale drivers , as  ale and goto were yosimura labs employees 
before creating own companies to manufacture drivers.  In fact ale line of drivers were similar in design as YL while yosimuras designs came from rca designs.

You can see suspensions diameter gets wider as frecuencies go down. YL 55000 is supossed to go 150 hz, yl 75000 to 70 hz and YL 1250  to 16 hz.
55000 and 75000 are the same magnet structure with diferent diameter to the voice coil. 1250 is bigger and wider and  lots of  suspension.

Note that 55000 unit charges horn through the throat as contemporary drivers usually do unlike the other two that charges much like rca drivers , goto and ale.
55000 unit is a model marketed and designed suposedly by Mr. Kondo who owned YL for a while.I guess he credited the "contemporary" way of horn charging trough internal throat, or may be it was economical choice. 


YL kondo  55000 150hz
kondo yl 550001.JPG


kondo yl 550002.JPG

YL 75000  70hz? same magnet

yl 750001.JPG

yl 75000 2.JPG



YL 1250  16hz? bigger magnet

yl 1250 1.JPG




I,ve been using 55000 unit with 200 hz tractrix horn (500/700hz to 1k/2K) and never went  back to jbl 2482 or altec 290 on that horn.


I believe 1250 unit is like 4 inches throat and looks like ale should be.Cone material should not be equal. Looks like capable of excursion well above we are acustommed to.
May be 3/5 mm?   



Regards


Eduardo

 

 

08-30-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 84
Post ID: 11593
Reply to: 11591
YL1250 - very interesting!
fiogf49gjkf0d
Thanks, Eduardo, very interesting. The YL 75000 has no phase plug and 70Hz with 1” trout. It look to me like a conventional diver.  Which beds a question: if to reduce compression with our classic drivers, loose plug off and reduce power then can we get out of them 100Hz or sub 100Hz? The 75000 did not impress me and they look conventional but the YL1250 is very exciting. They have long outer spider, looks like not the fiber reinforced but the pure plastic, the way how Vitavox did, and the back vent is damped with cotton.  I presume that the damping of the back chamber might be changed with respect of the horns is used. The exile you say 4” that would make diaphragm 5”-6” or 7”-9” with outer suspension. I am not surprised to see a high curve of the cone – they need to keep it structurally firm.

What surprising is to see a relatively short voice coil! If thy has 5mm excursion ( that would be mandatory for  16Hz) then in order to keep the driver in underhang mode the voice coil need to be way longer of the voice coil shell not stat right from the surface of the diaphragm.  Look, pretend that you are a first turn on the coil on the diaphragm side. You sit in nice environment of linearity saturated gap with magnetic lines are perpendicular to you. No the driver get excurted and you moive let say 3-5mm forward. There is no magnet in there and the magnetic lines are curved, so you angle under which the magnetic lines attack you are bent leading to non-linearity. So I was expected that the space between the surface of the diaphragm and beginning of the voice coil would be in bass driver MUCH larger and I was expecting to see the voice coil sitting 10mm in the magnet depth. Below is how it is done with Vitavox MF drivers, both plastic and metal. 

Vitavox_ClearSuspention_Gap.JPG


Vitavox_MetalSuspention_Gap.jpg

Also, what strikes me is how simple the driver is made. Beside the diaphragm that is technologically is complex pars the rest of the driver is VERY simple and probably if someone wish to build it then it might be done for under $5K or even cheaper with electromagnet.

Eduardo, do you use or do you have listening experiences with YL1250 or with other compression bass divers?  If you can differentiate between bass tone and bass pressure then what is you feeling about the tonal capacity of compression bass divers? 

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
08-30-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
eduardo
Posts 9
Joined on 04-17-2009

Post #: 85
Post ID: 11595
Reply to: 11593
Bass drivers to the end.........of physycs?
fiogf49gjkf0d




YL 75000 has heavy phase plug indeed ,  rca style (see sketch) while 1250 ( I never had one) gets a fixed metal dome equivalent  to spherical piece on 75000 and rca  plugs without conical shape pointing the exit of throat. Ironically the 1250 looks like simpler than rca style as cone is the same as every
driver we know, but throat on the oposite side like rca .

DSC_7359.jpgDSC_73601.JPG


I made graphical work on this as i owned 55000 and 75000 then figured out how it could be designed. ALE P1260 looks like a big 75000 (phase plug included) .
May be Ale p160 works like  yl 1250 i suspect. P 1260 (3inch throat) crossed 80 hz while P160 (5inch Throat) goes down to horn low end.
On the other hand yl 1250 is 3inch throat(not 4inch as I said the post before)and ¡¡16 hz¡¡that is hard to believe (see the response graph)
Note the rear duct open but controlled by the cotton fiber(could be regulated)



d1250.bmp


About voice coil height I would say it gets deeper as driver grows in low end response.increasing from 5/7mm (55000) to 10/12mm (75000) reaching may be 20/25 if you look at previous phographs carefully, for YL1250. It makes a lot of sense. I always thougth that the few big drivers would work fine in midbass horn(say 80 hz).


My thoughts about low frequency drivers and how to do with it, is complicated question but i would relate things as the keys in order of influence:

1.-the suspension : diameter and length of it (excursion capability)
2-the cone diameter (response capability , efficiency at low freqs)
3-The throat diameter grows( to very low frecuencies a must be) 
4-the phase plug or abscence of it (can be only when very big diameter, but then pressure requires limitation of real throat.....so dome without conical shape is enough like yl1250,ale p160 but air exit must be reduced anyhow) as imposibility of say 15 inch driver with very light cone leads to direct radiator working as a driver(No phase plug or air exit reduction).

The driver vs direct radiator dilemma Big Smileefinetly Is a matter of scale , materials , geometry.manufacturing. Always better a driver unit than direct radiator.......to the point it cant be done by "construction and materials limits" The question is to reach the limit. Seems to me that japanese guys went ahead everybody else on this , so ......let´s see.


DSC_7358.jpg

 I will try soon the 75000 unit on 90 hz horn, but I dont trust much to be succesful.I belive that the bigger drivers (said to be 16/20Hz or whatever) will do fine at upper bass but not  the lowest end(not to mention the big horn "problem". 
There is some 1250like driver by Ale manufactured  time ago that could be an option as well. 


Eduardo, do you use or do you have listening experiences with YL1250 or with other compression bass divers?  If you can differentiate between bass tone and bass pressure then what is you feeling about the tonal capacity of compression bass divers?

As I said i never had one, so about low freq driver tone only can talk about Yl 55000 and 75000 on 200hz horn  and have to say that even
that horn alone , 6db say 500-2k, is tonally full, you can nearly forget rest of the channels.it pours low frequencies very very well but it is not bass, its upper bass, at best.
what I can feel ,though: this kind of drivers are capable of go down much more than what i have heard myself in 200 hz horn,for sure.That´s why i dont quit and will try
on 90 hz horn.I think it will work even lower than that and would be fine..... then how much lower? my thougts are that if it works to 90 80 60 hz it would be fantastic.


Regards

Eduardo
08-31-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 86
Post ID: 11601
Reply to: 11595
The drivers for midbass and…. the mistakes.
fiogf49gjkf0d

Eduardo,

Thanks for your thoughts and illustrations. I also do not feel that loosely-suspended very small metal cone might be a right solution for midbass. To develop LF you need pressure, pressure is surface by exertion – there is nothing else. I do feel at that at some point in bass it is more effective to increase size then exertion. In addition the increasing size and using right materials allows a cone to “write” harmonics in break-up mode. I do not know how metal cone of bass compression drover would behave in “collapsing” mode. It is soft suspended –it is very difficult to say what would happen with it. If you ask me that the wide and soft suspension of the drivers like YL1250 might act at LF as secondary diaphragm. What driver cares let say 30Hzn then the driver creates absolutely crazy pressure in the little front chamber. The spherical cone of the excurted cone let presume can handle the press pressure how about the very wide skirt of the soft plastic spider around the cone? This surface cannot handle high pressure and it will be deformed back, contra-balancing the excursion of the voice coil driven cone. It might act as some kind of self-damping but I feel that it take something off from sound as well.

With all my mixed interest and skepticism to the light-coned compression drivers handle any sub 80Hz region I have to admit that I never heard the results. The speculations are great but it might be fun to hear ALE-160 driver working.  As you understand the entry tickets for such an experiment is not just the cost of the 4” bass compression driver – that would be an easy part, but rather a sequel of very costly and very time consuming actions to make such drivers to work properly in context of the whole installation.  Topologically the use of the ALE-160 vs. the use for instance my 15-incher would require very different ways to implement LF, so the mistakes are VERY costly, and the cost is so high that the price of the driver might be negligible.

It is important however to keep sanity and to understand the abstract meaning of the “mistakes”.  They are not truly mistakes but rather purely subjects of Kafkarian fiction. If you built your installation with a pair of ALE-160 driver and 40Hz horns but I built my installation with my 15-incher and 40Hz horns then how to correlate the results? My current installation use some tricks that make any bass to sound very good (5+1 walls pattern) another room might not have it and who the hell know how to correlate the conic results of two different bass channels? So, what we might call as “mistakes” are not truly mistakes but rather “the ways what it is”. Many year back John Hasquin pitched to me a very sane idea. He told me that people who do bass horns do not make it better or worth, they construct whatever they construct, get a random result and then they live with it, calling the results with deferent adjectives. There is a lot of truth in it. Still, I would like to analyze patterns and conditions before committing my own mistakes. Russian says that mistakes are good and that people learn by mistakes. Well, I would prefer to learn by mistakes of others… If I do my proper midbass horn then it will be once in life-span project and I would like to have at least an intellectual pleasure that I knew that I was doing.

Anyhow, I wish more data about the bass compression drivers were available. I with the people who use them were more outspoken. I wish the people who sell/make them did not act so cowardly as they do, and I wish they furnish opportunely for their LF bass solutions to compete on the market of “open availability”.

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
08-31-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
jessie.dazzle


Paris, France
Posts 456
Joined on 04-23-2006

Post #: 87
Post ID: 11604
Reply to: 11601
Ah, mystery & suspense
fiogf49gjkf0d
Romy wrote :

"...Many year back John Hasquin pitched to me a very sane idea. He told me that people who do bass horns do not make it better or worth, they construct whatever they construct, get a random result and then they live with it, calling the results with deferent adjectives..."
 
With regard to my own efforts to construct a pair of 40Hz horns, I'd have to admit that Romy, John and Paul are right.
 
Though I have tried to improve my odds through research, and though I am integrating variables where practicable (variable volume rear chambers, horns independent of room structure and therefore mobile), in the end, I'll be largely stuck with whatever I get.
 
I don't have a problem with that; because I'm doing the work myself, there's mostly just time at stake. Had I not embarked on this project, I'd be off on some other equally long-term and masochistic pursuit.
 
Researching the subject has been an exercise in accumulating, filtering, and letting the kept data ferment while doing other things (other horns).
 
I'm always wary of getting lost in a wilderness of question, then disappearing down a rabbit hole (as tiny purple fishes run laughing through my fingers...). There comes a point in the lead-up to all challenging endeavors, where you either wax yourself into non action, or accept certain unknowns and execute the plan, never questioning that you will see it through to a finished state. 
 
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wz3ZmZKsJC8

jd*


How to short-circuit evolution: Enshrine mediocrity.
08-31-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 88
Post ID: 11610
Reply to: 11604
Was it worth it?
fiogf49gjkf0d
 jessie.dazzle wrote:
Though I have tried to improve my odds through research, and though I am integrating variables where practicable (variable volume rear chambers, horns independent of room structure and therefore mobile), in the end, I'll be largely stuck with whatever I get.  

…and looking back do you feel that the attempt to improve my odds through research still was justifiable? Do you feel that the efforts your invert into researching, accumulating, filtering, comparing options,  prototyping, analyzing… etc was essentially wasted or you feel that it had own merit?

The caT


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
09-01-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
jessie.dazzle


Paris, France
Posts 456
Joined on 04-23-2006

Post #: 89
Post ID: 11627
Reply to: 11610
Havering on...
fiogf49gjkf0d
Well, yes... I've not been to prison in over two years!

Apart from keeping me off the streets at night, the results when listening to one of the 40Hz horns were, dare I say, encouraging, though I do hesitate to say so, as the "evaluation" was carried out in very non-optimal conditions.

To this point, I've only listened to one of the two 40Hz horns, with it sitting in the middle of the floor, its small end about 15ft in front of the mouth of the upper-bass horns. When listening from a point out in front of the 40Hz horn, you'd of course get a lot more output from it than the rest of the system; not particularly pleasant. Sitting up closer to the rest of the horns (normal listening position) was better; from this listening point, output from the 40Hz horn was really not that perceptible (its lack of alignment being the most obvious clue), but then disconnecting it revealed just how much it really had been contributing. Normally I would take this as a positive sign, but given the context, I just repeat to myself, "shut up and get the other horn done!'

So to haver on a bit more!

Listening to the horn play solo was probably more informative than listening in the context of the entire system. With volume knobs set to my normal listening level, I'm not entirely satisfied that this single 40Hz horn was properly loading the room, which has a cubic volume not far from what I would consider ideal for such a system (though the floor plan is far from ideal; too long and narrow). However, the horn was sitting in the center of the room, not coupled with 3 walls as intended, and... I have, since that time added L-Pads to the lower-mid range horns (S2 into 180Hz); something I've been meaning to do since Romy wrote "...A good 16R L-Pad would help a lot..." (he was right). As a result, I now listen with the volume knobs set a bit higher; in this context, the 40Hz horn would be putting out a bit more. With a second 40Hz horn in place, loading will be better, but should it turn out to be inadequate, I suppose I could always add L-Pads to the upper-mids and tweeters (what's that you say? DSETs?).

For now, to say more than this would be ridiculous, as it is very difficult to ignore 15-20ft of misalignment (not quite as bad as when my ex wouldn't allow the upper-bass horns in the same room as the mid and HF horns!), and the fact that the rear of the cone was singing along right there next to me all the while (no rear chamber).

Btw, the 50 Watt L-Pads I got from Parts Express are straight from the time when people took pride in their work.
http://www.parts-express.com/pe/showdetl.cfm?Partnumber=260-254

jd*


How to short-circuit evolution: Enshrine mediocrity.
09-02-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
jessie.dazzle


Paris, France
Posts 456
Joined on 04-23-2006

Post #: 90
Post ID: 11646
Reply to: 11220
Main floor pre-load
fiogf49gjkf0d
Romy wrote :
"...Yes, it is certain in what I proposed there is majored disadvantage of having a suspended floor. A suspended is like a bad turntable – no matter what you do you would never be able to get proper lower octave...."

Venturing deep into my white trash past, I recall seeing (and smelling) basements with screw jacks holding up parts of the main floor.

One could imagine using a small forest of these to pre-load a suspended floor.
(its painful to watch the attempt at sinking nails into a moving object, so fast-forward to about 45 seconds)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l2sdyv74ZDA

ellis_4x4_screw_jack.jpg


About the ceiling, I'm still thinking... Even in a room where the walls are masonry, the ceiling will almost certainly be suspended.

jd*


How to short-circuit evolution: Enshrine mediocrity.
09-02-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 91
Post ID: 11656
Reply to: 11627
About the Macondo-like systems room dialing.
fiogf49gjkf0d

 jessie.dazzle wrote:
I'm not entirely satisfied that this single 40Hz horn was properly loading the room, which has a cubic volume not far from what I would consider ideal for such a system …. However, the horn was sitting in the center of the room, not coupled with 3 walls as intended… 

Jessie, a single might be assessed only in context of a single horn loading the room.  The rules of the game with the whole system are different. It is not only about the fact that the whole system has second horn. The people who did not play with setting up the Macondo like installations do not underrated what kind expressive capacity Macondo topology offers. People buy Wilson for instance, put it in right location as here OK sound, but this sound has no reference to room. Then they walk and tell to each other stories about fat sound or thin sound…

With Macondo approach it does not work this way as there is no default “right” output from the channel. Since the channels are co-axed and time-aligned, used drivers that do not need any correction in crossovers then the output of the drivers is very much open to the need of a given room. The most important is that the channels are mixable and listing how the room responses it possible to write up absolutely any about of sonic weigh at any sonic region you wish, and you do it with ZIRO negative consequences.

You might combine the out of midbass and upperbass and make them to work together an octave or a half. You might make the fundamentals channel to care the MF lower knee if you wish. You can moderate sound in respect to how your room actually responses and if you have very well defined objectives how you what it to sound then you can literally to conduct the channels and make them to sound in the way you feel they shall be.  I do not even mention what capacity the DSETs offer with Macondo …

So, wait until you set all the system up – I am sure you will be able to compensate with channels mixing what you feel is not “loaded enough” now. There is also a subject of “masking of room gaps” that I did not even touch….

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
09-02-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Paul S
San Diego, California, USA
Posts 2,147
Joined on 10-12-2006

Post #: 92
Post ID: 11657
Reply to: 11646
Yeah; That's the Ticket
fiogf49gjkf0d
Jessie, screw jacks were exactly what I had in mind when I referred to "shores", up the thread (screw jacks may be used as a type of shoring).

The beauty is just that they can be "tuned" incrementally, which is usually done to cut the most annoying resonances from footfalls, as opposed to the simple function of raising sagging floors.

The potential for tuning increases if one can more or less "Earth" the floor above into a slab or the Earth.

Generally, these shore jacks are used along with wooden or steel beams that run perpendicular to the ceiling/floor joists above.

I have also seen shore jacks used to tune ceilings, although this is a bit more involved).

Got a soggy floor?

Screw it!

Best regards,
Paul S
09-03-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
tuga


Posts 174
Joined on 12-26-2007

Post #: 93
Post ID: 11658
Reply to: 11238
Concrete horn example
fiogf49gjkf0d
I've just bumped into an "architectural" installation of concrete horns built into the house:

Horn_nHouse_1.jpg

Horn_nHouse_2.jpg

I know that most north american houses are not built this way (concrete structure and walls) but it will at least show you what can be done.

Cheers,
Ric


"Science draws the wave, poetry fills it with water" Teixeira Pascoaes
09-03-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 94
Post ID: 11659
Reply to: 11658
Options, options, options…
fiogf49gjkf0d

Yes, Ric, thanks for posting it. I have seen it a few years back, in fact I was searching for the images but was not able to find it.  I think that fellow was ether Japanese or from Sound West Asia, I do remember already. It looks like it is 20-30 feet horn it means that he went for 30Hz or sub 30Hz. I would not go so far – 40Hz -45Hz would be plenty for me. It is very interesting how this Asian guy addressed the delay parole on his 25 foot feet horns. Still, the endeavor very much deserves applauds.

I kind of all set with the conceptual ideas how much future midbass horn might be implemented. When I found a house that I like I will be looking how to implement many of the things I have in my mind to the specifics of the given building.

To me the only truly open question to what I have no answer is what driver would be the most beneficial to try. There are 3 types of the drivers that I can see, and they present 2 type of topology.

1)   ALE P160. $23K pair, small throat, compression
2)   GOTO SG146LD4 $40K pair, small throat, compression
3)   My gloriously-toned 15-incher, large throat, none-compression

The ALE/GOTO prices are high. Well, they are the list prices not the “street prices” and I am sure that there are options to pay less for them. Still, price is not what bothers me but rather the complete unfamiliarity with the final result.  If I get the SG146LD4 than to evaluate objectively what it would truly do at 40Hz it might cost over $15K and six month of construction. So, the drivers are not available for try and the even if they are the evaluation of them bens VERY costly and efforts demanding. To buy the driver based upon reputation is also not very encouraging as I did hear any comments from ALE/GOTO that pick my interest, in fact quite opposite:  the more they talk about ALE/GOTO then more conflict and contradictions I hear in their comments. I do not discard the ALE/GOTO options, I just do not know if it worth it.

My 15-incher approach is way more flexible and I know that the driver is able to show off. However, I will not able to as small throat with it. Well, I might but I think it will make it to sound not as good as it would with large throat

Options, options, let see where I will lend…

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
09-03-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 95
Post ID: 11662
Reply to: 11659
About the Maturation Shields ™
fiogf49gjkf0d

 Romy the Cat wrote:
I kind of all set with the conceptual ideas how much future midbass horn might be implemented.

I would like to expend a bit about my conceptual ideas, as the folks who advised me in this threaded my find my ideas interesting.

In addition to all that I described above last two weeks, after seeing some houses, I am considering also a smaller room of 600-700 sq feet with two symmetrical windows on the opposite walls. In this case I will be able to use the windows as the entries for the horns in more or less time-aligned position.

RomyRoom1.jpg

The images I presented are out of scale and are juts for sake of illustration of concept. With the horn are positioned in headphones configuration it will be problem with underdeveloped bass as a listeners will be in a mouth of the horn and the wave will be too premature. I have writhen about it before in this thread.  So, how to keep the arriving time reasonable but to make the wave mature on arrival?  Welcome to the idea of the Maturation Shields ™

RomyRoom2.jpg

RomyRoom2.jpg

Pretend that 2-3 feet from the mouth of the horn there is a vertical wall of ½-1.0 of mouth size. It might be sand-fill wooden board on 2-3 thick. It serves multiple purposes:

1)      Mature the LF wave  coming from the horn mouth
2)      Defuse the LF
3)      Masking out the minor  time misalignment by randomizing phases and leased edge of the wave 
4)      Shaping the low-pass filter

There is another purpose that is very exciting. Since the horn are installed “finita la commedia” with room correlation at LF, particularly in small room unless you build 7 feet gall resonators. However, my Maturation Shields have ability to be rotated for let say 25 degree. This allow to slightly re- route the pressure flow from the horn and to write at the listening position the pressurizing pattern that I might wish.

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
09-04-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
jessie.dazzle


Paris, France
Posts 456
Joined on 04-23-2006

Post #: 96
Post ID: 11665
Reply to: 11662
Giant litter box
fiogf49gjkf0d
Here's my latest hallucination :

So I'm sitting there listening and sucking down a beer, when, à propos de rien, it comes to me; more on how to neutralize a suspended floor.

After shoring it up with screw jacks (which btw, would make excellent scratching posts), you simply build up a little damm at each entry to the room, and then... Dump and spread about 4 inches of sand on the floor! I'm dead serious.

Apart from the quality it would impart to the sound of the room, it would make for a really cool environment. Not only could you sink your toes, you could sink all cables. Koshka would love it! The pattern that would be the natural result of walking around, would act as a very effective diffuser. Cleanup would be easy; just grab a big rake and smooth things out now and then! Get an elevated brush mat for the entry so as to not track sand around the rest of the house. http://www.conranusa.com/productdetails.aspx?pid=310&cid=Gardeners&language=en-US

You'd of course also want to glide arond in a pair of huaraches or baboosh slippers!

jd*



How to short-circuit evolution: Enshrine mediocrity.
09-04-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
tuga


Posts 174
Joined on 12-26-2007

Post #: 97
Post ID: 11666
Reply to: 11665
Sand and Sinagogues
fiogf49gjkf0d
 jessie.dazzle wrote:
Here's my latest hallucination :

So I'm sitting there listening and sucking down a beer, when, à propos de rien, it comes to me; more on how to neutralize a suspended floor.

After shoring it up with screw jacks (which btw, would make excellent scratching posts), you simply build up a little damm at each entry to the room, and then... Dump and spread about 4 inches of sand on the floor! I'm dead serious.

Apart from the quality it would impart to the sound of the room, it would make for a really cool environment. Not only could you sink your toes, you could sink all cables. Koshka would love it! The pattern that would be the natural result of walking around, would act as a very effective diffuser. Cleanup would be easy; just grab a big rake and smooth things out now and then! Get an elevated brush mat for the entry so as to not track sand around the rest of the house. http://www.conranusa.com/productdetails.aspx?pid=310&cid=Gardeners&language=en-US

You'd of course also want to glide arond in a pair of huaraches or baboosh slippers!

jd*

Hi JD,

Sand was once used by the Iberian jews in a few of their Sinagogues (supposedly) to prevent the "witch-hunters" from hearing them pray and such an acoustic "silence" would probably not be beneficial in a music playback room.
On the other hand sandwiching a sand layer between the old and a new wooden flooring might solve the problem.

Cheers,
Ric


"Science draws the wave, poetry fills it with water" Teixeira Pascoaes
09-04-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 98
Post ID: 11667
Reply to: 11666
How to know that floor is the problem?
fiogf49gjkf0d
Guys, to deal with the problems of suspended floor is good thing and it is might be very well that something that you proposed might work very well. What however is more interest me at this point is how to identify that sound has problems due to bad suspended floors. At this point I do not have a methodology or any rational that would allow me to recognize in Sound any negative contributions that would unambiguously cause of floors.  I wonder if anyone can propose any characters of Sound worth to consider for the suspended floors debugging. Also, is any way to measure the level of suspended floor bounciness?

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
09-04-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Paul S
San Diego, California, USA
Posts 2,147
Joined on 10-12-2006

Post #: 99
Post ID: 11668
Reply to: 11667
Tossing Off a Couple
fiogf49gjkf0d
One way to see how bouncy a floor may be is to put a wide basin of water on the floor and then move around.

I think I read somewhere that footfalls are centered about 5 Hz; but the typical suspended floor resonance is actually broad band, and resonance, as we think of it, is only part of the shrinking LF problem.

With respect to diagnosis, the suspended floor will simply appear to eat the LF, as opposed to "cancellations", combing, etc., and not taking typical room resonance into account.

Generally speaking, turning up the LF power will "offset" suspended floor losses, but there will usually be some frequencies that suffer less than others, and these frequencies might wind up fat after generic LF-only "bass-boost".

This is why pros use split-octave "equalization", and this method is the cheapest and easiest path to decent LF, IMO.

I would use real time equalization, since DSP undoes itself by harming the Sound for a net loss, IMO.

Best regards,
Paul S
09-05-2009 Post does not mapped to Knowledge Tree
Romy the Cat


Boston, MA
Posts 9,540
Joined on 05-28-2004

Post #: 100
Post ID: 11675
Reply to: 11662
The external horns construction ideas
fiogf49gjkf0d

I wonder, if to embrace the idea that I described in the Maturation Shields article (a few posts above) then how those external horns might be constricted?

They need to be solid and not to be afraid of sun/rain/snow. They need to be acoustically tough.  Still they I do not think need to be brick-made-level fundamental masonry construction and need to be relatively easy removable if I would like to.  Not to mention that I would like do not hire 30 people to built them and convert it into a “federal” projects.

What I think is following, and places advice me of you have an experience with it or some ideas.

1) Calculate the horn geometry, parabolic profile and if necessary curves using the windows size as mouth
2) Remove the windows
3) Attach to windows whole 4-8 metal bars of 12-14 feet that are custom-made in accordance to the horn internal profiles
4) Wrap wire around the bars, sweating a inner-skeleton of the horn
5) Continue wrapping wire around the bars, interlaying it with sheets of paper/cardboard
6) Pure (poor, purr -how the hell to spell it!) cement or concrete over the wire/cardboard, making the horn.
7) Repeat the cement application for a few times until will be as I would like it to be.

I see it a relatively simple and cheap project, a weekend or two long. Do I know what I am talking about or I just BS myself?

The Cat


"I wish I could score everything for horns." - Richard Wagner. "Our writing equipment takes part in the forming of our thoughts." - Friedrich Nietzsche
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  »  New  Chinese upperbass horn...  Some sensibility about bass reproduction...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     35  261795  08-08-2005
  »  New  Eventually - a reasonable midbass horn from GOTO..  Clever DIY going on where?...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     97  883478  11-19-2007
  »  New  Magico: Robert Harley’s upperbass mouth...  Surprisingly interesting write up by Federated Mike abo...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     35  221598  02-19-2006
  »  New  Jessie Dazzle Project..  Will this better to be auditable?...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     172  1129955  08-03-2007
  »  New  Problems with horns: upper bass ..  Must it be about loading?...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     109  855882  03-25-2005
  »  New  Denouncing of idea of Bass Horns...  Denouncing of idea of Bass Horns....  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  19267  04-15-2008
  »  New  Horn high-sensitively around Boston..  Horn high-sensitively around Boston...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  10423  10-29-2008
  »  New  The Macondo’s Upper Bass Channel: what is next?..  Görlich again...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     30  195631  10-28-2007
  »  New  More about the EdgarHorn Bass..  More about the EdgarHorn Bass...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  22127  01-13-2005
  »  New  Experience Music Horn Installation @ VSAC..  RCA MI-1428B vs Vitavox S2...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     25  187372  05-27-2008
  »  New  A book about Loudspeakers and Rooms?..  Book review...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     5  31274  08-18-2009
  »  New  How to select mid/upper bass horn drivers...  How to select mid/upper bass horn drivers....  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  18232  08-25-2009
  »  New  ... again on GOTO Unit drivers.....  GOTO get time-aligned help.... Eventualy!!!...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     107  807614  08-16-2008
  »  New  Learn to listen your listening rooms..  Rooms and music-rooms...  Audio For Dummies ™  Forum     15  81479  04-05-2005
  »  New  Amplifiers heat… a real-estate solution?..  I have seen this simular concept...  Melquiades Amplifier  Forum     1  15235  09-18-2009
  »  New  I have a dream, the dream about a Chair...  A bit exaggerated to me....  Playback Listening  Forum     31  134701  10-29-2009
  »  New  8" Goto Woofer for 60Hz Horn..  It's not a Goto 8in driver...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     5  60992  11-03-2008
  »  New  The Real Total Horn..  The Real Total Horn...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  10432  01-17-2008
  »  New  My Multi-way Horns..  Faital chamber/ratio...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     8  93208  11-29-2009
  »  New  The 5-ways from Germany...  Another Kid?...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     38  126236  12-06-2009
  »  New  A datacenter at home and … "sound"...  Noise cancellation not likely possible...  Audio Discussions  Forum     6  31525  02-16-2010
  »  New  DSET and Cables...  DSET and Cables....  Audio Discussions  Forum     0  10670  02-23-2010
  »  New  Romy The Cat's new Listening Room..  Won't be the last time he makes that trip!...  Audio Discussions  Forum     478  1877730  03-28-2010
  »  New  An idea of “Rain Wake-Up Horn”?..  Looking Deeper into Rain Wake Up Horn...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     3  21475  05-08-2010
  »  New  Macondo’s Midbass Project – the grown up time...  Vitavox 15/40...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     455  1985552  05-20-2010
  »  New  Macondo’s lowest channel...  Good highs...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     148  951475  09-15-2010
  »  New  Superbly interesting effect: Suspended decoupled floor ..  Superbly interesting effect: Suspended decoupled floor ...  Playback Listening  Forum     0  12369  10-08-2010
  »  New  Mystery of bass horn calibration: Radiating Surface Dee..  Mystery of bass horn calibration: Radiating Surface Dee...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     0  11702  02-03-2011
  »  New  Dedicated Music Room Build..  Show it....  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     6  38355  03-03-2011
  »  New  What are the effects of back chamber volume for mid-bas..  A ha!...  Horn-Loaded Speakers Forum     2  10988  09-27-2013
  »  New  A listening room for a domesticated Cat?..  Eventually!...  Audio Discussions  Forum     283  335009  02-04-2016
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